Octave Fifteenth English
Klein[e] Octave German/English
Vigesima Seconda Italian
Super Super Octave English
Two and Twentieth English
A foundation stop of 1' pitch in the manuals, or 2' pitch in the pedal. Because of its high pitch, it is often considered to be a mutation, and is often used and described as a Mixture rank. It sounds the 8th harmonic.
There are other meanings for Fifre and Kleinoktav.
Other stops which can be found at 1' pitch include:
Osiris contains two dozen examples of Twenty Second, fifteen of Vigesima seconda, three of Kleinoktav, and one of Fifre. The earliest ones are listed below. No examples are known of Disdisdiapason (mentioned only by Adlung), Octave Fifteenth, Super Super Octave (mentioned only by Irwin), Supersedecima (mentioned only by Adlung), Two and Twentieth, and Vigessima-secunda. Contributions welcome.
Vigesima seconda, manual; Church of San Giuseppe, Brescia, Italy; Antegnati 1581.
Vigesima seconda, manual; Santa Maria della Consolazione (Santa Nicola), Almenno S. Salvatore, Bergamo, Italy; Antegnati 1588.
Twenty-Second 2', Pedal; Hillsborough Parish Church, Hillsborough, County Down, Northern Ireland; Snetzler 1773.
Kleinoktav 1', Kronwerk; Luitpoldhalle, Nürnberg, Germany; Walcker 1926 (destroyed).
Kleinoktav 1', Schwellwerk; Wieskirche, Steingaden, Germany; Schmid 1959.
Klein Oktav 1', Positiv; Holy Trinity Lutheran Church, Buffalo, New York, USA; Moeller 1986.
Fifre 1', Choeur; Broadway Baptist Church, Fort Worth, Texas, USA; Casavant 1996. This is the only known example of this name.
See the Sound Files appendix for general information.
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TwentySecond.html - Last updated 27 September 2004.