Williams describes this stop as follows:
Dulcayna or Dulzaina, Spanish reeds; 8' en chamade (below the horizontal trumpets) at Salamanca, 1744 (Echevarría). Conical resonators, but with no flare; and smaller than trumpets. Usually halved, allowing l.h. solos (Correa de Arauzo) similar to basse de Cromorne.
Grove concurs, and adds “closer as an imitation of the dolzaina, a medieval reed instrument, than the northern types [of Dulzian].See Dulzayna.
Osiris contains eleven examples of Dulzaina (all reeds), five of which are en chamade; all are at 8' pitch except for two at 16', both from the late 20th century. The earliest ones are listed below. No examples of Dulcayna are known. Contributions welcome.
Dulzaina 8' (en chamade), manual left; St. Martin, Trujillo, Caceres, Spain; unknown early 1700's.
Dulzaina 8', manual left; San Andrés, Villabuana, Alava, Spain; de Urarte 1735.
Copyright © 2001 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.|
Dulcayna.html - Last updated 9 January 2003.