Double Open Diapason English|
Great Bass English|
Major Bass English
Sub Principal English
Contra Principal English|
Double Diapason English
Principal Basse French
Basso Profundo Italian?|
Double Principal English
Open Diapason Bass English
Pedal Pipes English
Principale Basso Italian
Principale Doppio Italian
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A Diapason stop pitched an octave or two below unison pitch; i.e. 16' or 32'.
Major Bass is also a synonym for Contra Bourdon. Grand Principal is also a synonym for Grand Diapason. See also Sub Octave. Wedgwood alone considers Offenbass to be a synonym.
Three of these names are mentioned only by Wedgwood. Regarding Diaocton, he writes: A 16 ft. pedal stop (Washington Temple, U.S.A.). = Major Bass. Regarding Basso Profundo, he writes: A deep-toned pedal stop equivalent to Major Bass. Milan Cathedral, 24 ft. Regarding Pedal Pipes, he says only see Major Bass. No examples of these three names are known, other than those cited by Wedgwood. Wedgwood considered Major Bass to be a synonym for Contra Principal, but not Contra Bourdon.
The following illustration is Audsley's; click on it for a larger image.
Principalbasse 32, Pédale; St. Sulpice, Paris, France; Clicquot 1781. This is the earliest known example of this name.
Copyright © 1999 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.|
ContraPrincipal.html - Last updated 8 October 2006.