Twenty-Fifth English
Undezime German?

The name Twenty-Fifth is listed only by Irwin, who says:

A rank of open metal Foundation pipes that speaks at the unusual pitch of 8/11' on the manuals, and 1 5/11' on the pedals - that is, at three octaves and a fourth above the keys depressed. It sounds from middle C at F4, and from the pedal low CCC key at F1. The 8/11' is between the 4/5' and 2/3' pitches, but, unlike these, it is not an orthodox mixture constituent. It has been heard in a few unusual Cymbals. It very roughly corroborates the eleventh harmonic of the unisons. It lends a very brassy brilliance and unusual timbre to any loud combination.

Irwin is not quite correct; notwithstanding the name Twenty-Fifth, a stop of 8/11' pitch should exactly corroborate the eleventh harmonic of the 8' series, and sound only approximately an F when played from a C key on an equal-tempered instrument. The name Undezime is not mentioned in the literature; we assume it to be a synonym.

See Mutations, Eighteenth.


All known examples are given below.

Twenty-Fifth 8/11', Choir-Swell; Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey; Midmer-Losh 1929-32.

Undezime 8/11'; Nikolaikirche, Siegen, Germany; Kemper 1955.

Undezime 8/11'; Dreifaltigskirche, Kaufbeuren, Germany; Schmid 1964.

Undecime 8/11'; Dominikanerkirche, Landshut, Germany; Schmid 1966.

Undezime 8/11'; St. Anna, Altötting, Germany; Schmid 1976.


Irwin[1]: Twenty-Eighth. The Rare Mutations, compiled by David Willey.
Copyright © 1999 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.
TwentyFifth.html - Last updated 27 May 2002.
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