Tibia Mollis Latin

Authorities disagree on the nature of this stop. Wedgwood provides the most complete description:

The stop invented and so named by Mr. Hope-Jones is a Flute of soft tone. It is composed of open rectangular wood pipes. The mouth, which is very long, is verticaly placed - i.e., instead of running across the pipe in the usual direction, is parallel with the sides of the pipe. The wind is carried up one corner of the pipe for a considerable distance, and blown in a thin sheet across the body of the pipe into the mouth. The lip is inverted. The sole example is at [the church of] St. George, Westcombe Park, Blackheath [England]. The name Tibia Mollis is also employed by Mr. John H. Compton, of Nottingham [England], to denote a variety of his Tibia Minor. The mouth is less wide, and the tone more subdued than that of the parent stop.

Bonavia-Hunt, on the other hand, says: “Compton's tibia minor (and tibia mollis) is really a metal variety of the tibia clausa, but designed for the great division”. Maclean agrees that it is a stopped metal rank. Both Audsley and Irwin state that the name can be given to any soft-toned flute stop. The Latin word mollis means “soft” or “calm”.


Tibia Mollis 4', Echo; Town Hall, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Hill, Norman & Beard 1929. (This example was of wood; it is not known whether it was of the Hope-Jones type. The Echo division was removed sometime after 1939, but most of its pipework is reportedly intact.)

Tibia Mollis 8', Echo; Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA; Midmer-Losh 1929-32. This example is capped metal.


Audsley[1]: Tibia Mollis. Bonavia-Hunt[1]: Stopped Diapason. Irwin[1]: Tibia Mollis. Maclean[1]: Tibia. Wedgwood[1]: Tibia Mollis. Private correspondence with Stephen D. Smith.
Copyright © 1999 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.
TibiaMollis.html - Last updated 26 January 2002.
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