Jungfernregal German
Jungfrauenregal German
Virginregal German
Junfernregal German
Virginal English?

A reed stop of the Regal class: a particularly thin-toned Vox Humana. Grove translates Jungfernregal as “like a girl's voice”, and Williams attributes the name to the pitch: 4' or 2' in the pedal. Audsley suggests that the stop originally appeared in a portative organ, which was played by young maidens. Wedgwood conjectures that “the instrument was used to accompany the Angelus, a hymn to the [Blessed Virgin Mary]”. Praetorius (by way of Adlung) describes it as follows:

Jungfrauenregal or [Jungfrauenregal]bass is at 4' pitch, a small open Regal with a small, slight body, about one or at the most two inches tall. It gets its name from the fact that if it is used with other stops, flute stops in the pedal, it sounds just like a maiden's voice singing in the bass register.

Adlung considers Geigenregal and Singendregal to be synonyms, and suggests that Jungferstimme may be as well. The spelling Junfernregal, listed by Audsley, may be a misspelling. The name Virginal is given only by Wedgwood. Grove dates Jungfernregal from around 1625.

Compare with Jungfernstime.




We know of only two examples of Jungfrauenregal, one example each of Virginregal and Jungfernregal, and no examples of Virginal or Junfernregal. Contributions welcome.

Virginregal (?) 4', Pedal; Church of SS. Peter & Paul, Görlitz, Germany; Casparini 1703.

Jungfernregal 8', Schwellwerk; Martin Luther Gedaechtniskirche, Berlin-Mariendorf, Germany; Walcker 1935.

Jungfrauenregal 4', Brustpedalia; Houghton Chapel, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts, USA; Fisk.

Jungfrauenregal 4', Brustpedalia; Memorial Church, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA; Fisk 1984.


Adlung[1]: §152 Geigenregal, §161 Jungfernregal, §208 Vox virginea. Audsley[1]: Junfernregal; Virginregal. Grove[1]: Regal, Viejas. Locher[1]: Regal. Sumner[1]: Jungfernregal. Wedgwood[1]: Regal; Virginal. Williams[1]: Glossary: Regal.
Copyright © 2001 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.
Jungfernregal.html - Last updated 30 March 2003.
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