Jubal German?
Tubal German?
Thubal German?

Williams provides the following description, adding that Tubal may be a misreading:

A rare stop of uncertain origin, the name probably derived from the biblical inventor of music; an open flute of sharp intonation was called Tubal and another open 8' or 4' Hohlflöte called Jubalflöte at Görlitz (1697-1703) by E. Casparini who was evidently not entirely familiar with current Saxon stop-names. Hence auxiliary stops on German organs imitating the famed Görlitz instrument, such as the 4' (pedal), 8' (Unterwerk) and 2' (Hw) stops at Königsberg Cathedral, 1721 (J. Mosengel).

Grove concurs, and dates it from 1690-1740. Adlung, however, maintains that these names are simply synonyms for Octave. The stop is named for Jubal, “the father of all such as handle the harp and organ” (Genesis iv.21, KJV).

Compare with Jubalflote.


The only known examples are given below.

Jubal 8', Solo; Basilica del Santisimo Sacramento, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Mutin-Cavaille-Coll 1912.

Tubal 8', Pedal; St. Michael, Vienna, Austria; Johann David Sieber 1714.


Adlung[1]: §145 Flöt, §171 Oktave, §199 Thubalflöt, §203 Tubal. Grove[1]: Jubal. Williams[1]: Glossary: Jubal.
Copyright © 2001 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.
Jubal.html - Last updated 11 April 2003.
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