Grand Cornet English
Gross Cornet (unknown)

Nearly all sources describe Grand Cornet as a Cornet which supports the 16' harmonic series in the manuals, or the 32' harmonic series in the pedal. However, in the classical French organ, Grand Cornet was the name sometimes given to the Cornet on the Grand Orgue, and many examples in actual usage support the unison rather than the sub-octave (see below). The classical French Grand Cornet, according to Dom Bedos, had a compass of 2 octaves, from middle C upwards. Bedos writes:

... the Grand Cornet has the function of strengthening and brightening the treble of the Grand Jeu, which contains the Trompettes and Clairons. ... The Grand Cornet must increase in strength as the Trompettes and Clairons weaken, and conversely.

The name Gross Cornet appears only in a list of mixture stops in Irwin's appendix on Mixtures. The only information he gives is 16' ; we assume it to be a synonym for Grand Cornet.

See also Grand Bourdon.

Composition

Audsley gives the following example:

Grand Cornet V : 8' + 5-1/3' + 4' + 2-2/3' + 2'

Irwin gives the following example:

Grand Cornet V : 8' + 5-1/3' + 4' + 3-1/5' + 2-2/3'

Examples

Of the fifty examples of Grand Cornet in Osiris, fifteen are known to support the unison, and seven are known to support the sub-octave. They range from III to XI ranks.

Grand Cornet 8', Great; Arlesheim, Switzerland; Silbermann 1761 (restored 1959-1962). This is the oldest known example.

Grand Cornet V, Grand Orgue; Cathedral, Poitiers, France; Clicquot 1790. This is the oldest example known to be a mixture.

Grosscornet III, Pedal;

Sound Clips

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Bibliography

Adlung[1]: §132 Cornet. Audsley[1]: Cornet; Grand Cornet. Audsley[2]: I.XIII Cornet (footnote). Bedos[1]: § 251-252, 266, 1264, 1269-1270, 1292.IV, 1292.XVII, 1296, 1304. Douglass[1]: 82, 86, 110. Irwin[1]: Grand Cornet; Appendix D. Sumner[1]: Grand.
 
Copyright © 2001 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.
GrandCornet.html - Last updated 22 April 2003.
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