Corneta Italian, Spanish|
Cornetto Primo Italian|
Cornetto Secondo Italian
Cornetto Terzo Italian
Williams defines both names as follows:
A single-rank Mutation in Italian organs of Venice, Bergamo, Tyrol, etc. from the late 17th cent., perhaps of Spitzflöte shape. Used only in Cornet-like registrations (cf. Spanish Nasardos). Cornetto Primo might = Tierce, Cornetto Secondo = Nasard, Cornetto Terzo = Flute 2'; or Primo = 4' + 2-2/3', Secondo 2' + 1-3/5' (Bonatti); together they made a full Cornet.
Williams's definition is supported by Grove, who also defines Corneta as a Spanish synonym for Cornet, and lists it as an 18th century Italian synonym for Tierce. Regarding the Spanish Corneta, Williams says: “usually of more ranks than V in the larger organs; gentler in tone than the French Cornet, being necessary neither for frequent solos nor for boosting the reed trebles.” Wedgwood lists Cornetto as a synonym for Zink. The Italian word cornétta and the Spanish word corneta both mean “cornet”. The Italian word cornétto means “little horn”.
Osiris contains nearly 100 examples of Corneta (not counting variations on that name such as Corneta Clara). Most of them are clearly compound stops; twenty of them have no rank or pitch indication and appear in Spanish organs, but the placement of each stop in its stoplist implies that they are also compound stops. Three are apparently reeds, all of which appear in the organs of the New Cathedral, Salamanca, Spain. Osiris contains about seventeen examples of Cornetto, all of which are compound stops.
Corneta 8', Organo Mayor (right); New Cathedral, Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain; Echevarría 1744.
Cornetto III-IV, Manual I; Morelia Cathedral, Michoacan, Mexico; Walcker/Tamburini 1905/1960.
Cornetto IV, Manual I; Tuomiokirkko, Tampere, Finland; Walcker/Kangasala 1907/1929.
Cornetto (discant) III (3, 2 & 1-3/5), Great; Duke University Memorial Chapel, Durham, North Carolina; Brombaugh 1997.
Copyright © 1999 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.|
Corneta.html - Last updated 9 January 2003.